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Please enter a portfolio name. Initial research work was done by Alfred Champagnat at BP's Lavera Oil Refinery in France; a small pilot plant there started operations in March , and the same construction of the second pilot plant, at Grangemouth Oil Refinery in Britain, was authorized. The "food from oil" idea became quite popular by the s, with Champagnat being awarded the UNESCO Science Prize in ,  and paraffin-fed yeast facilities being built in a number of countries.
The primary use of the product was as poultry and cattle feed. The Soviets were particularly enthusiastic, opening large "BVK" belkovo-vitaminny kontsentrat , i. However, due to concerns of toxicity of alkanes in SCP and pressured by the environmentalist movements, the government decided to close them down, or convert to some other microbiological processes. Single-cell proteins develop when microbes ferment waste materials including wood, straw, cannery, and food-processing wastes, residues from alcohol production, hydrocarbons, or human and animal excreta.
Engineers have developed ways to increase the concentrations including centrifugation, flotation, precipitation, coagulation, and filtration, or the use of semi-permeable membranes. The methods to increase the concentrations to adequate levels and the de-watering process require equipment that is expensive and not always suitable for small-scale operations.
It is economically prudent to feed the product locally and soon after it is produced. Large-scale production of microbial biomass has many advantages over the traditional methods for producing proteins for food or feed. Although SCP shows very attractive features as a nutrient for humans, however there are some problems that deter its adoption on global basis:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A first global assessment". The need for sustainable and efficient practices". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Annual Review of Environment and Resources. The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People".
Applied mycology and biotechnology. British Petroleum and global oil, — Volume 3 of British Petroleum and Global Oil — The Challenge of Nationalism, J. Bamberg British Petroleum series. List of prize winners". Archived from the original on February 10,