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It turns out that Keith Loraine owns and plays both Eb contrabass sarrusophone and Eb baritone sarrusophone the "combat bassoon".

The Repertoire:

The Instrument:

Accessed 23 May North vs South redux". Acta Mathematica Sinica, English Series. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 14 June — via www.

Attacks to humans and domestic animals by the southern cassowary Casuarius casuarius johnsonii in Queensland, Australia. Handbook of the Birds of the World 3. Archived from the original PDF on March 24, Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. Marine Animal Records — Marine Biology: Life in the Ocean. Parasitology and pathology of marine organisms of the world ocean. Giant nematode from the placenta of Cetacea ; Placentonema gigantissima nov. Echinoderms - Starfish, Urchins, and Other Echinoderms.

Retrieved 2 December The Guinness Book of Animal Records. Colossal Squid Caught off Antarctica. NZ's colossal squid to be microwaved. The Octopus News Magazine Online. Journal of Molluscan Studies. Taylor and Emily A. Food of giants — field observations on the diet of Syrinx aruanus Linnaeus, Turbinellidae the largest living gastropod , in F. Western Australian Museum, Perth.

Department of Biology, University of Victoria Canada. An annotated checklist of extant Brachyuran crabs of the world" PDF. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Archived from the original PDF on South Australian Research and Development Institute. Retrieved 9 December Roy's List of Stomatopods for the Aquarium. University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved February 14, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts.

Retrieved March 16, Retrieved 8 January Species — robustus, Godzillius. Archived May 10, , at the Wayback Machine.

Archived from the original on August 20, Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. A Report of Seven Cases. Giant water bug photographed devouring baby turtle. Retrieved 27 August Amazing Numbers in Biology , p. Amazing Numbers in Biology. Guinness World Records Random House Digital, Inc. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science. The tribe Pharnaciini Günther, , including the description of the world's longest insect, and a survey of the family Phasmatidae Gray, with keys to the subfamilies and tribes Phasmatodea: The amazing world of stick and leaf-insects.

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Retrieved 18 July Retrieved from " https: Organism size Lists of largest organisms Animals by adaptation. Webarchive template wayback links CS1 errors: Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 3 September , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

North Pacific right whale. North Atlantic right whale. There is no alternate fingering for Bb, no fork key for F , no articulated G or C , and the low Bb is operated with the left thumb.

Of course, the saxophones of that time didn't have a low Bb, and also lacked automatic octave keys and articulated G s: The EEb contrabass takes the largest double reed I can find: It produces a quite satisfying rumble, reaching an octave below the baritone sax second Db below the bass clef , and capable of belting out the sound.

The image below shows the beast next to a regular concert flute for scale. The image to the right shows my contra reed, a contrabassoon reed, and a bari sax reed for scale.

I've since found that Keith Loraine makes sarrusophone reeds at a reasonable price. On " Russian Sailor's Dance ", the bass sarrusophone playing the bass sax part is audible in unison with tubas, bass clarinets, bassoons and bari sax. If you are an instrument maker, let me know if you might be interested in such a venture. I have Bb tenor, Bb bass, and Eb contrabass instruments that could serve as templates. This is not an offer to sell or buy, and your statements will not be considered offers to buy or sell.

At this point, this is only market research. Sarrusophones also appear for sale sometimes on eBay. Whenever I run across a sarrusophone for sale, I generally announce it on the contrabass list , a separate "sarrusophone4sale" list, and the sarrusophone club and group listed below.

Let me know if you'd like to receive any of these lists. The Sarrusophone was invented in the mid 's by Gautrot to compete with the Saxophone, for use in military bands to bolster or replace oboes and bassoons. The instrument was named after the French bandmaster Sarrus, who Gautrot credited with the idea for the instrument.

Both names appear on the original French patent French patent , The Eb appears to be the most common contrabass sarrusophone if not the most common sarrusophone of any size , while the C contrabass appears to have been intended as a substitute for the contrabassoon which was much less satisfactory in the mid's.

Conn at one time sold contrabass sarrusophones in EEb model 16V as a substitute for the EEb contrabass sax, after winning a contract to produce Eb contras in for the US military.

I can see why: They must have been much more economical and practical especially if you were going to have to carry it any considerable distance. Imagine a metal oboe, or a narrow soprano sax with a double reed and you'll have a good idea of the soprano sarrusophone. The soprano sarrusophone is straight: There is apparently a Buffet Bb soprano sarrusophone at the Dayton C. Miller collection at the Library of Congress United States.

Alto and tenor sarrusophones have only one bend, thus resembling a metal bassoon in form, if not appearance. Some classes will play at events, giving you an opportunity to show off your new chops. You can find a lot of useful tutorial videos online. Some of them will teach you to play using sheet music, and some will teach you to play by ear. The most effective way to become a better horn player is to practice. Make time to play your horn on a regular basis. Create challenges for yourself by upping the ante on songs you play.

You can get books of sheet music that have a variety of songs with different levels of difficulty. Tutor books sometimes include training schedules, often with lessons on reading sheet music. There are lots of places you can go to get your questions answered. You can consult tutors, French horn websites, video comment threads, and forums. Store your horn in a sturdy case. Most cases have a hard shell to protect it from damage. Clean the instrument after you play it. Each time you play your horn you should clean it.

This will prolong the life of the instrument. Polish it using a polishing cloth. Remove the valve slides and dry those while the rest of the body is drying.

Conduct maintenance once a week or so. Clean the mouthpiece with dish soap and water. It might also be helpful to use a mouthpiece brush, which you can find at most music stores. Remove the valve caps and apply key oil or rotor oil to the pivot points and bearing shaft. Remove them, put the grease on them, and replace them. Clean your instrument thoroughly every few months. Every once in a while, you should do a full cleanse on your horn.

That means flushing out the entire instrument with soap and water. Use a brush to clean the tuning slides. Repair any broken pieces. If anything on your horn breaks, take it to a shop and get it repaired.

Generally, you can teach them the way that you learned. Since there are two different base-scales, it would be best to find which one the other person is best at. I started with the Standard of Excellence. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 8. How do you change the notes you play, just by blowing on the mouthpiece? Changing notes on the French horn is like changing notes on any brass instrument; it takes not only practice, but a keen ear to the pitches.

Depending on how far the notes are apart, you may need to increase or decrease the amount of air pressure you have on the mouthpiece. Typically, notes that are close together need little embouchure and air adjustment. But notes that are many staff lines apart need embouchure adjustment, and that all depends on if you are going high or low.

Do not tighten the embouchure to hit the higher notes. Increase the air pressure you have on the mouthpiece to go higher. Also, remember your basic tonguing exercises as well. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 8. I suggest playing long notes and scales and exercising your knowledge of the treble clef notes. Doing this consistently will provide you with the knowledge of notes. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. Is there a difference in the fingering chart for key C between the US and England? There should not be a fingering chart difference for different countries because instruments will function the same regardless of where they're being played.

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